Nail psoriasis is a condition where the nails, particularly the toenails, are affected by psoriasis. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder that causes the skin cells to grow too rapidly, leading to red, scaly patches on the skin. When psoriasis affects the nails, it can cause a variety of symptoms including pitting, discoloration, crumbling, thickening, or separation of the nail from the bed.
The treatments for nail psoriasis aim to improve the appearance and function of the affected nails. Here are a few common treatment options:
- Topical medications: These include corticosteroids, vitamin D analogs, or retinoids, which are applied directly to the nails and surrounding skin to reduce inflammation and promote healing.
- Injectable or oral medications: In severe cases, oral or injectable medications, such as methotrexate, cyclosporine, or biologics, may be prescribed to control the underlying autoimmune response causing the psoriasis.
- Phototherapy: This involves exposing the affected nails to ultraviolet (UV) light, which helps slow down the rapid cell growth and reduce inflammation.
- Nail care: Proper nail hygiene, such as keeping the nails trimmed and moisturized, can help improve the appearance and reduce discomfort. Avoiding trauma or injury to the nails is also important.
- Nail surgery: In rare cases, surgical procedures like nail removal or debridement may be necessary if the nails are severely damaged or causing significant pain.
It’s important to consult with a dermatologist or healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment for your specific condition. They can assess the severity of your nail psoriasis and recommend a tailored treatment plan.« Back to Glossary Index