Nail psoriasis management refers to the treatment and care of individuals who have psoriasis affecting their nails, particularly the toenails. Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes an overproduction of skin cells, leading to the development of thick, scaly patches on the skin and nails. When psoriasis affects the nails, it can cause changes in their appearance, such as pitting, discoloration, crumbling, thickening, and separation from the nail bed.
The goal of nail psoriasis management is to control and reduce the symptoms, improve the appearance of the nails, prevent further damage, and relieve associated discomfort. Treatment options for nail psoriasis may include:
- Topical treatments: These include corticosteroid creams or ointments, calcipotriol, or coal tar preparations to help reduce inflammation and promote healing.
- Intralesional steroid injections: This involves injecting corticosteroids directly into affected nail areas to improve their appearance.
- Systemic medications: In more severe cases, oral or injectable medications such as methotrexate, cyclosporine, or biologics may be prescribed to target the underlying immune system dysfunction.
- Nail care: Regularly trimming and filing the affected nails can help manage symptoms and improve their appearance. Soaking the nails in warm water before applying an emollient or moisturizer can also help soften and moisturize the nails and surrounding skin.
- Phototherapy: In some cases, exposing the affected nails to ultraviolet light, either alone or in combination with medications, may be beneficial.
It is important to consult with a dermatologist or healthcare provider to determine the most suitable treatment approach based on the severity of the nail psoriasis and individual circumstances.« Back to Glossary Index