Toenail separation, also known as onycholysis, is a condition where the toenail becomes separated from the underlying nail bed. It results in a gap or space forming between the nail and the skin. This separation can occur partially or completely, and is often characterized by white or yellow discoloration of the nail.
Toenail separation can be caused by various factors including trauma or injury to the nail, fungal infections, psoriasis, thyroid disorders, chemical exposure, and certain medications. It can also be a result of improper nail care, such as excessive filing or using harsh nail products.
Common symptoms of toenail separation include pain, swelling, tenderness, and the nail appearing loose or raised. If left untreated, it can lead to further complications, such as secondary bacterial infections or permanent nail deformities.
Treatment for toenail separation depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, self-care measures like keeping the nail clean and dry, avoiding tight-fitting footwear, and applying antifungal or antimicrobial creams may help. However, if the separation is severe or accompanied by pain or infection, it is important to seek medical attention from a healthcare professional who can provide appropriate treatment options, which may include oral or topical medications, nail removal, or surgical interventions.« Back to Glossary Index