Onychogryphosis is a condition that affects the toenails, characterized by a thickening and overgrowth of the nail, resulting in a curved or claw-like appearance. The word “onychogryphosis” comes from the Greek terms “onycho” meaning nail, and “gryphos” meaning hooked or curved.
The causes of onychogryphosis are not completely understood, but there are several factors that may contribute to its development. One of the main causes is long-term neglect of the toenails, such as improper trimming or lack of regular maintenance. This can lead to the nails becoming thickened and brittle, making them more prone to abnormal growth.
Other factors that can contribute to onychogryphosis include:
- Trauma: Repeated trauma or injury to the toenails, such as stubbing the toe or wearing ill-fitting shoes, can cause the nails to grow abnormally.
- Fungal infection: Fungal infections, such as onychomycosis, can affect the nails and cause them to become thickened and distorted.
- Age: Onychogryphosis is more commonly seen in older individuals, as the nails naturally thicken and become more brittle with age.
- Underlying health conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as psoriasis, peripheral vascular disease, or diabetes, can increase the risk of developing onychogryphosis.
It is important to note that onychogryphosis can be managed and treated by a healthcare professional, who may recommend trimming and filing the nails, as well as addressing any underlying causes or infections.« Back to Glossary Index